Difference between revisions of "Words describing sound"

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(Slightly more professional terms)
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=== Slightly more professional terms ===
 
=== Slightly more professional terms ===
  
These are terms many sound engineers use, even though the definitions listed here are certainly not set in stone. In fact, I double checked these with a pink noise + EQ listening test before writing them down.
+
These are terms many sound engineers use, even though the definitions listed here are certainly not set in stone. In fact, I double checked these with a pink noise + EQ listening test before writing them down. At least, I don't think they're far off. First JoaCHIP's preception of things
  
 
{|- class="nice"
 
{|- class="nice"
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!  Frequency
 
!  Frequency
 
|-
 
|-
|  Ultra deep bass
+
|  Ultra sub bass
 
|  20-35 Hz
 
|  20-35 Hz
 
|-
 
|-
Deep bass
+
Sub bass
 
|  35-75 Hz
 
|  35-75 Hz
 
|-
 
|-
Line 98: Line 98:
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  Mids
 
|  Mids
|  300-1000 Hz
+
|  300-1500 Hz
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  High mids
 
|  High mids
1000-4000 Hz
+
1500-4000 Hz
 
|-
 
|-
 
|  Treble
 
|  Treble
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|  High treble / "air"
 
|  High treble / "air"
 
|  10000-20000 Hz
 
|  10000-20000 Hz
 +
|}
 +
 +
Same table according to www.teachmeaudio.com
 +
 +
{|- class="nice"
 +
!  Sound word
 +
!  Frequency
 +
|-
 +
|  Sub-bass
 +
|  20-60 Hz
 +
|-
 +
|  Bass
 +
|  60-250 Hz
 +
|-
 +
|  Low mids
 +
|  250-500 Hz
 +
|-
 +
|  Mids
 +
|  500-2000 Hz
 +
|-
 +
|  High mids
 +
|  2000-4000 Hz
 +
|-
 +
|  Presence
 +
|  4000-6000 Hz
 +
|-
 +
|  Brilliance
 +
|  6000-20000 Hz
 +
|}
 +
 +
And there's a rather detailed table at www.crutchfield.com which also divides the bass into three areas:
 +
 +
{|- class="nice"
 +
!  Sound word
 +
!  Frequency
 +
|-
 +
|  Sub bass
 +
|  16-40 Hz
 +
|-
 +
|  Mid bass
 +
|  40-100 Hz
 +
|-
 +
|  Upper bass
 +
|  100-250 Hz
 +
|-
 +
|  Low mids
 +
|  250-500 Hz
 +
|-
 +
|  Mids
 +
|  500-1000 Hz
 +
|-
 +
|  High mids
 +
|  1000-2000 Hz
 +
|-
 +
|  Low treble
 +
|  2000-3500 Hz
 +
|-
 +
|  Mid treble
 +
|  3500-6000 Hz
 +
|-
 +
|  High treble
 +
|  6000-10000 Hz
 +
|-
 +
|  "Top octave" (air)
 +
|  10000-20000 Hz
 +
|}
 +
 +
According to sandiegotroubadour.com which I think seems slightly odd:
 +
 +
{|- class="nice"
 +
!  Sound word
 +
!  Frequency
 +
|-
 +
|  Bass
 +
|  10-100 Hz
 +
|-
 +
|  "Mid bass"
 +
|  100-300 Hz
 +
|-
 +
|  Low mids
 +
|  300-600 Hz
 +
|-
 +
|  Mids
 +
|  600-1200 Hz
 +
|-
 +
|  High mids
 +
|  1200-2400 Hz
 +
|-
 +
|  Low treble
 +
|  2400-4800 Hz
 +
|-
 +
|  Mid treble
 +
|  4800-9600 Hz
 +
|-
 +
|  High treble
 +
|  9600-20000 Hz
 +
|}
 +
 +
Yet another list at www.headphonezone.in lacks the "mids" area:
 +
 +
{|- class="nice"
 +
!  Sound word
 +
!  Frequency
 +
|-
 +
|  Sub bass
 +
|  20-60 Hz
 +
|-
 +
|  Bass
 +
|  60-200 Hz
 +
|-
 +
|  Low mids
 +
|  200-1000 Hz
 +
|-
 +
|  High mids
 +
|  1000-5000 Hz
 +
|-
 +
|  Treble
 +
|  5000-20000 Hz
 
|}
 
|}
  
 
[[Category:Glossary]]
 
[[Category:Glossary]]
 
[[Category:Manual]]
 
[[Category:Manual]]

Revision as of 23:44, 23 July 2018

Some times its hard to find the right Words describing sound .

People often need to describe sound to each other, but the words for such descriptions are not well defined, unscientific, and can vary from person to person. This is a rather futile attempt to list and describe them.

Sound word What it really means to a sound technician
Bass / Low Low frequencies.
Treble / High High frequencies.
Warm More bass and low mids, less treble
Cold Less bass and low mids, more treble.
Dry Feeling empty, lacking effects, lacking instruments to fill out the soundscape.
Aggressive Resemblance with white noise, lots of (dis)harmonics.
Digital Unclear yet over-emphasized treble, such as the one caused by poor resampling or aliasing.
Fat / phat Pleasing, using a frequency area at least as wide as hoped for.
Thin Lacking frequencies that are expected.
Muffled Lacking treble, (or sometimes lacking transients.)
Booming Having too much sound at one single frequency band in the bass or low mids.
Clean Lack of noise, not being confusing to listen to in terms of complexity.
Busy Being too complex, with too many instruments that are hard to tell apart.
Punchy Pronounced transients, having lots of dynamics.
Flat Lack of transients, not having proper dynamics, lack of bass and treble.
Closed Having an uneven frequency response, having phase problems.
Open Having a wide and flat frequency response without too many instruments in the same frequency area and not too many problems with the phase.
Funky Having lots of beats placed in-between the main beats, for example on the odd 8th or odd 16th subdivisions.
Crunchy Lots of unexpected frequencies and harmonics in the high frequencies.
Hollow Lacking in the mid frequency area.
Retro / vintage / old-school Resembling the output of old analog audio equipment, which will often affect the high frequency range more. Typical features are noise, lack of treble, abundance of mid area frequencies, and generally a sort of distortion that is perceived as pleasant, even though this can be subjective.
Muddy When instruments in the low frequencies are difficult to tell apart.
Rumbling Too much low frequency content that appears to be unrelated to the intended sound content.

Slightly more professional terms

These are terms many sound engineers use, even though the definitions listed here are certainly not set in stone. In fact, I double checked these with a pink noise + EQ listening test before writing them down. At least, I don't think they're far off. First JoaCHIP's preception of things

Sound word Frequency
Ultra sub bass 20-35 Hz
Sub bass 35-75 Hz
Bass 75-120 Hz
Low mids 120-300 Hz
Mids 300-1500 Hz
High mids 1500-4000 Hz
Treble 4000-10000 Hz
High treble / "air" 10000-20000 Hz

Same table according to www.teachmeaudio.com

Sound word Frequency
Sub-bass 20-60 Hz
Bass 60-250 Hz
Low mids 250-500 Hz
Mids 500-2000 Hz
High mids 2000-4000 Hz
Presence 4000-6000 Hz
Brilliance 6000-20000 Hz

And there's a rather detailed table at www.crutchfield.com which also divides the bass into three areas:

Sound word Frequency
Sub bass 16-40 Hz
Mid bass 40-100 Hz
Upper bass 100-250 Hz
Low mids 250-500 Hz
Mids 500-1000 Hz
High mids 1000-2000 Hz
Low treble 2000-3500 Hz
Mid treble 3500-6000 Hz
High treble 6000-10000 Hz
"Top octave" (air) 10000-20000 Hz

According to sandiegotroubadour.com which I think seems slightly odd:

Sound word Frequency
Bass 10-100 Hz
"Mid bass" 100-300 Hz
Low mids 300-600 Hz
Mids 600-1200 Hz
High mids 1200-2400 Hz
Low treble 2400-4800 Hz
Mid treble 4800-9600 Hz
High treble 9600-20000 Hz

Yet another list at www.headphonezone.in lacks the "mids" area:

Sound word Frequency
Sub bass 20-60 Hz
Bass 60-200 Hz
Low mids 200-1000 Hz
High mids 1000-5000 Hz
Treble 5000-20000 Hz