Category:Glossary

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Glossary

This is the Buzz glossary full of Buzz terminology. May not all Buzz terms are listed here, but its still a good idea to look into the big lexica of Buzz Terms.

96000 Hz

96000 is slowly becoming a more wide-spread samplerate. Just as the audio CD caused the 44100 Hz samplerate to become very wide-spread, this rate is slowly becoming the next big standard in pro audio equipment and, perhaps in due time, also in HiFi circles.

Arguru

Juan Antonio Arguelles Rius.

Juan Antonio Arguelles Rius (November 2, 1978 – June 3, 2007), also known as Arguru (sometimes Argu), was a prolific music software programmer and electronic musician, producer and songwriter, responsible for such applications as NoiseTrekker and Directwave. He started the company discoDSP and was later hired by Image-Line and involved in the development of Deckadance and FL Studio 7. Arguru died in a car accident on June 3, 2007.

Find more about Arguru at wikipedia:Juan_Antonio_Arguelles_Rius.

BPM

Beats Per Minute (also know as Tempo) is something that should be familiar to most musicians. BPM is the standard way to manage time in music. It literally refers to the amount of given beats per standard minute.

What must be understood is that this is the amount of Beats Per Minute and not the amount of Rows per Minute. A row is actually equal to one tick. There for the number of rows in a minute is equal to the BPM times the TPB (i.e. Rows per minute = TPB * BPM).

Bots

Bots are trying to flood this wiki.

Audio Format

There exist different types of audio files. Each type has its own Audio format. Well known types are mp3 or wav files, less known types are ogg or opus.

Buzz

Short form of "Jeskola Buzz", a modular audio tracker software at http://buzzwiki.robotplanet.dk/.

Buzzmachines.com

Buzzmachines.com has moved its content to http://buzz.robotplanet.dk/ the new Buzz Plug-Ins site.

Buzz Clone

There are several   Buzz Clone s at various stages of development

Buzzchurch.com

The old Buzz community at  Buzzchurch.com has moved to [http://forums.jeskola.net/

CPU Monitor

The CPU Monitor shows you how much processing power each machine consumes. It also shows WM Errors, which are generated when a machine is generating silence but for some reason didn't switch off completly.

DAW

DAW stands for "Digital Audio Workstation".

Debug Console

The Debug Console is a feature of new Buzz. It has a Command style interface, and allows you to view information regarding your Buzz initialization. Typing a command into the console will allow you to see special information.

Decay curve shape

The decay curve shape is not the same as the decay length, even though it might sound this way. The decay curve shape dictates in what way fades fade out.

Denormals

Something that happens in floating point units (especially Intel) that makes calculations much slower when numbers get very small.

FM

Frequency modulation (FM) conveys information over a carrier wave by varying its frequency (contrast this with amplitude modulation, in which the amplitude of the carrier is varied while its frequency remains constant).

Gear.xml

Buzz configuration file. Used for:Making a machine load at startup (same as using * in index.txt), blacklisting machines, disabling multithreading, setting default oversampling mode, setting default midi channel.

Haas effect

The brain uses not just volume differences but also the time difference between the ears to calculate the position of the object emitting sound. Thus, normal panning is not an entirely natural way for the brain to pinpoint the location of a sound source. The interesting thing is that even though you use speakers, imposing a delay in one side still creates an impression of position. This is know as "The Haas effect".

Hard Disk Recorder

The Hard Disk Recorder can be used to record your master output to a .wav file. It has an option that will output files as 32bit float files.

Hexadecimal

Hexadecimal: Counting in base-16 as opposed to the more commonly used base-10.

Host application

When talking about plugins, the "host application" refers to the main software that contains and runs these plugins. Examples of such applications would be Buzz, Ableton Live, FL Studio, Cubase, Logic, ProTools, Samplitude, SoundForge, Audition, CoolED etc.

IRC

Buzz has had a chatroom on Efnet for the past decade: #buzz. Most machine developers visit there from time to time. In times of disputes you may have to visit #phatbuzz instead. Useful information.

index.txt

The index.txt is a file where you can organize the Mouse-Right click menu in the machine view and more.

Keyword

A Keyword is a pregnant word in context to some thing, easy to remember, short and meaningful.

Latency

Audio delay. This term typically refers to the delay introduced by PC and Mac soundcards becuase these use buffers at a certain size to receive and output sound data. The longer these buffers are, the longer the delay before the generated audio is sent to the loudspeakers. This delay is called "latency" in audio terminology.

Machine Attributes

Attributes are additional settings for a machine. Unlike parameters, they can't be sequenced (automated) in Pattern View. Not every machine uses attributes.

Master (Machine)

The Master Machine is the main output of Buzz. Every machine (or chain of machines) that you connect to it will be output to your soundcard. It has several parameter that can be automated by creating a pattern for it.

Normalized

Audio normalization is the process of increasing (or decreasing) the amplitude of an entire audio signal so that the resulting peak amplitude matches a desired target. Specifically, normalization applies a constant amount of gain to the selected region of the recording to bring the highest peak to a target level, usually 98% (-0.3 dB) or 100% (0 dB).

Note

n music, the term note has two primary meanings: 1) a sign used in musical notation to represent the relative duration and pitch of a sound; and 2) a pitched sound itself. Notes are the "atoms" of much Western music: discretizations of musical phenomena that facilitate performance, comprehension, and analysis (Nattiez 1990, p.81n9).

The term "note" can be used in both generic and specific senses: one might say either "the piece Happy Birthday to You begins with two notes having the same pitch," or "the piece begins with two repetitions of the same note." In the former case, one uses "note" to refer to a specific musical event; in the latter, one uses the term to refer to a class of events sharing the same pitch.

Nyquist frequency

The Nyquist frequency, named after the Swedish-American engineer Harry Nyquist, is always exactly half the sampling frequency of the samplerate. This is the highest possible frequency that you can play back.

So for 44100 Hz samplerate, the highest frequency you can play is 22050 Hz. At 96000 Hz the highest possible frequency is 48000 Hz.

Oversampling

Oversampling is the process of creating or receiving a signal in a higher sample rate than the system rate in order to be able to downsample this. The advantage of this approach is to minimize aliasing artifacts.

Phase-cancellation

Consider two waves that are in phase, with amplitudes A1 and A2. Their troughs and peaks line up and the resultant wave will have amplitude A = A1 + A2. This is known as constructive interference. If the two waves are π radians, or 180°, out of phase, then one wave's crests will coincide with another wave's troughs and so will tend to cancel out. The resultant amplitude is A = |A1 − A2|. If A1 = A2, the resultant amplitude will be zero. This is known as destructive interference. When two sinusoidal waves superimpose, the resulting waveform depends on the frequency (or wavelength) amplitude and relative phase of the two waves. If the two waves have the same amplitude A and wavelength the resultant waveform will have an amplitude between 0 and 2A depending on whether the two waves are in phase or out of phase.

RMS

The Root Mean Square is a way to express the actual sound pressure of a piece of audio. It is a sort of averaging method that suits audio well.

Sample rate

The amount of samples per second. All digital audio has a sample rate. Analog audio does not. (well.. it does.. electrons and such, but thats async and extremely fast)

The sample rate is measured in samples per second, often denoted as "Hz" or in "kHz". 1 kHz is the same as 1000 Hz, so you can describe the samplerate of a CD as "44100 Hz" or "44.1 kHz". Both are correct.

Samples

Before you progress into working with the Wavetable you should have a general understanding of what the term Sample refers to. In the case of Wavetable samples, a sample refers to an audio file which may be triggered to produce that sound within a song.

Signal Analysis

Signal Analysis in Buzz presents a simple way to obtain a visual display of the audible interaction between a source and destination machine.

TPB

TPB: Ticks Per Beat. The number of rows the patterneditor will move down during 1 beat. Higher TPB will give you more control over timing at the expense of screen-estate.

Tick

Ticks make for a nice common way to sync parameters and effects between each other, as well as the current song. For example it is sometimes useful to have delays be in "time" with the song. This means that each trailing repetition of the delay would need to hit exactly on a beat, with the rest of the song. While this would be very difficult to accomplish with units such as "milliseconds", it can be easily accomplished in Buzz by setting the delay unit parameter to ticks and then defining the number of ticks. Remember that each tick is equal to a row, so 4 ticks will delay every 4th row.

VST

VST is an audio plugin standard developed by Steinberg (the ones who made Cubase). VST plugins can be both effects, MIDI effects or instruments. Instruments are sometimes called "VSTi". Automation is achieved using MIDI commands, but you might not even see this depending on the host application.

You can use VST effects and instruments from within Buzz using the bundled Polac's VST package which offers many features that outcompetes even many commercial VST hosts.

Words describing sound

People often need to describe sound to each other, but the words for such descriptions are not well defined, unscientific, and can vary from person to person.

Legend of Buzz Wiki

Symbol Meaning.
Glossary   Glossary entries will lead you to the glossary entry.
Shortcut   Shortcuts are useful Buzz key combinations.

ToDo: To Do List

  Category:To Do List this is where you can come in action.

  Awesome fact's you must know.

Put your own entries into the Buzz Wiki glossary

You can use the Template:Glos with the following commands, to make a glossary entry in your wiki pasge text.

... blah {{Glos|KEYWORD}} blah ...

May some times there occours a BUG at the start of a paragraph where the entry gets warped into a \<pre\> taged box. To overcome this you can use a blank space before the entry.

'' '' {{Glos|KEYWORD}} blah ...

After you have marked a word for the Glossary entry, it will be highlighted and Link to the Title or Anchor, using the same KEYWORD, on the Glossary page, if the Anchor exists, else to the top of the page.

This is an example of how KEYWORD s looks like:

KEYWORD